The COVID-19 pandemic is now in its 6 month in the US, and there are still a lot of unanswered questions and fear. Unfortunately scam artists are praying on that fear and uncertainty. Wearing a mask and social distancing help protect you from COVID-19. But how do you protect yourself from COVID-19 scams? Learn what to look for and what common scams look like!
- COVID-19 Text Scams: Scammers use links in texts to put malicious code on your phone or link to a phony website that tries to get your personal information. NEVER click a link in a text about COVID. There are scams touting cures, warnings about the need for a test, or “special offers.” Some specific scams:
- Claiming to be from the “FCC Financial Care Center” and offering $30,000 in COVID-19 relief.
- Impersonating the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Recipients are told they must take a “mandatory online COVID-19 test”
- “IRS COVID-19 News” includes a link and instructions for recipients “to register/update your information in order to receive the economic impact payment regardless of your status.”
2. Posing as a Contact Tracer: These are the most scary in my opinion. True Contact Tracers work for state health departments to try to track anyone who may have been exposed to COVID-19, and they are an important part of our road to recovery. It differs from state to state, but they may contact you by call, email, text or even visit your home. They may ask for your name and address, health information, and the names of places and people you have visited. They WILL NOT ask for:
- Payment of any kind
- Your Social Security number or financial information.
- Immigration status
- you to click on a link or download anything. Real tracers will only send you texts or emails that say they’ll be calling you
3. Stimulus payment scams: These are less common now, but if there is a second round of stimulus payments, these scams will certainly return. Tips to avoid these scams:
- Use only IRS.gov/coronavirus to submit information
- The IRS won’t contact you by phone, email, text message, or social media with information about your stimulus payment
- The IRS will not reach out to you to ask you for your Social Security number, bank account, or government benefits debit card account number.
- You don’t have to pay to get your stimulus money.
- The IRS won’t tell you to deposit your stimulus check then send them money back because they paid you more than they owed you.
4. Robocall scams: phone scammers have seized the opportunity, using robocalls and call-back scams to offer free home testing kits, promote bogus cures, sell health insurance and promise financial relief. Some current Robocall scams include:
- Purporting to be from WHO and asking for account information or money
- Offer free virus test kits in an effort to collect consumers’ personal and health insurance information. One pernicious version of this scam targets higher risk individuals with diabetes, offering a free COVID-19 testing kit along with a free diabetic monitor.
- Marketing fake cures and asking for payment over the phone. If you get a call that says a product can prevent, treat, or cure COVID-19, stop. Think to yourself: if there’s actually been a medical breakthrough, am I really going to hear about it for the first time from an ad or sales pitch? The answer is clearly “no.”
- COVID-19 themed work-from-home opportunities, debt consolidation offers, and student loan repayment plans. (For legitimate information about the coronavirus-related interest rate deferral on student loans, check FSA’s website.
- Small businesses are also getting scam calls about virus-related funding or loans and online listing verification.
5. COVID mask exemption cards: There are cards circulating online and on social media that say the holder has a disability that prevents them from wearing a mask, and that it’s illegal for any business to ask them to disclose their condition. Variations of the card include the seal of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), one of the federal agencies responsible for enforcing the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). These cards aren’t issued or endorsed by DOJ, or any other federal agency.
6. Free COVID-19 money offers on WhatsApp and Facebook: Have you seen a message on WhatsApp or Facebook offering you free help during the pandemic? These messages all offer money to people who need it — through grants, coupons for food support, or other giveaways. But they’re all fake. The message may tell you to click a link to get your money. If you click, you might find a survey to take. Or they might ask you to enter your name, address, phone number, or other information. And they might ask you to forward the message to several friends to be eligible to collect. DON’T CLICK ON ANY LINKS in these messages.
7. Coronavirus Charity Scams: Opportunistic scammers are using fake appeals or sham charities to swindle donations from good-hearted people. Before you give, do some research. Search online for the charity’s name and the words “scam” or “fraud.” Review ratings of the charity by organizations like BBB Wise Giving Alliance, Charity Navigator, CharityWatch, or GuideStar. Here are some tips to make sure you’re not talking to a scammer:
- Donate using a credit card. It’s the safest way to donate.
- Double check the name of the organization. Many fake charities try to trick you by using names similar to those of well-known organizations, but with one word different or a misspelled.
- Ask lots of questions. What’s the charity’s website, address, and mission? How much of my donation will go to the program I want to help? How many people does the charity help, and how? If you get vague answers, it’s probably a scam.
- Don’t assume a donation request on social media is legitimate just because a friend liked it or shared it. Call your friends or contact them offline to ask them about the post they shared.
8. Scams targeting older Americans:
- The US Securities and Exchange Commission posted a warning about fake stock offers pitching a nonexistent biotech company developing a vaccine for COVID-19.
- The Social Security Administration posted an alert about a scam claiming that benefit payments may be suspended or decreased due to office closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Any call, text or letter offering to “maintain regular benefit payments” if you make a payment is FAKE.
- Another scam offers investment gains while protecting against losses — a coronavirus twist on a classic phony investment offer.
- Pandemic versions of the “grandparent scam,” where a scammer poses as a relative, often a grandchild, in a desperate situation and urgently in need of money.
If you see a scam, report it to ftc.gov/complaint or fcc.gov/complaints.